GOOD GOVERNANCE, POLITICAL STABILITY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA: THE ROLES OF DIASPORA
The Nigerian state, some sixteen years after returning to democratic governance, has been facing a plethora of problems. These range from ethno-religious conflicts to ethnic-militia violence. It also includes kidnapping, corruption, poverty, and a cyclical legitimacy crisis. The Nigerian people, of over 170 million, are constantly been manipulated by the political gladiators and because of pervasive corruption and profligacy, have become pauperized and poverty-stricken. This invariably led to bad governance, political instability and lack of the real dividends of democratic rule. These issues of bad governance and political instability are directly related to the migration of many Nigerians to Europe, North America and Asia in search of greener pastures. Nigeria, like any other country has had its fair share of this mass movement of people. There is no reliable statistics to show the total population of Nigerians Diaspora, though, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs gives an estimate of about 20 million Nigerians resident in Europe and North America (Mohan, 2002). This implies that the country is the largest recipient of remittances in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Nigerian Diaspora, which in 1999 remitted over $1.3million US dollars, could be veritable agents of poverty reduction, good governance and political stability for the country. This paper highlights the critical roles that the Nigerian Diaspora could play in Nigeria’s quest for socio-economic and political development. In addition, it looks at how the Federal government can create an enabling environment for the Diaspora.
|Keywords: good governance, political stability, sustainable development, diaspora|
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